From Bhutan to Borneo  

The 8th International Conference on Gross National Happiness: “GNH Of Good Governance”

The concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH) is Bhutan’s guiding development philosophy declared by the fourth King in 1972.  GNH expresses a shift in consciousness regarding how Bhutanese strike a balance between material and non-material values, prioritizing the happiness and well-being of humans and all life. The objective of GNH is to achieve a balanced form of development encompassing a range of domains each of which makes a vital contribution to happiness. This approach aims to balance modernity with tradition, material with spiritual, and economic with social, all within the broader context of ecological conservation. By placing ‘Happiness’, at the center of development, current economic growth measured by Gross National (or Domestic) Product has been fundamental challenged.